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Location Canada, British Columbia
Central coordinates 116o 34.85' West  49o 12.06' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 19,000 ha
Altitude 535 - 550m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area is located near the town of Creston in south-central British Columbia. It is situated on the floodplain of the Kootenay River, where it enters the south end of Kootenay Lake, and it extends about 20 km north along the lake. The area lies within one of British Columbias few flat valleys and is bordered by the Selkirk Mountains to the west, the Purcell Mountains to the east, and Kootenay Lake to the north. Most of the landscape is marshland, and the 15,000 ha Duck Lake is also part of the site. The valley bottom is composed of recent alluvial soils that have developed chiefly from well-sorted silty clays deposited since the last glacial period. Some local fauna are of provincial significance such as the White Sturgeon, Red-tailed Chipmunk and Coeur dAlene Salamander (one of less than five sites known in Canada). Finally, this area is the only known site in the province with Leopard Frogs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus passage  1980  6,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1980  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Creston Valley Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 6,970 protected area overlaps with site 4,300  
Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area 6,970 is identical to site 6,900  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Temperate coniferous forest; Temperate deciduous woods  15%
Wetlands (inland) Fens transition mires & springs; Freshwater lakes and pools; Freshwater marshes/swamps; Rivers  80%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Urban parks and gardens  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
nature conservation and research major
fisheries/aquaculture minor
forestry minor
rangeland/pastureland minor
tourism/recreation major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area. Downloaded from on 19/09/2014

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