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Location Portugal, Madeiran Archipelago
Central coordinates 16o 41.00' West  32o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A2, A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 321 ha
Altitude 0 - 163m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description Rocky peninsula with cliffs and small islets that comprise the oriental tip of Madeira. Presents two main islets: the Ilhéuda Cevada or Ilhéu dos Desembarcadouros, and the Ilhéu do Farol at east extreme. The whole area is covered by shrubs and grass. Human activity includes hunting and tourism.

Key Biodiversity Ponta de SãoLourenço is a singular habitat in Madeira island, very similar to the close Desertas islands. The Ilhéu do Farol, which has not terrestrial predators, is a excelent place for breeding seabirds. The first record in Madeira of breeding Sterna dougallii is from this area. Puffinus assimilis also breeds here. The presence of Ratus norvegicus in Ilhéu da Cevada conditions seabirds establishment. However, the biggest Larus cachinnans colony in Madeira is found here. They are also common terrestrial birds like Anthus berthelotii, Petronia petronia madeirensis and Serinus canarius. The peninsula is also an important stop-over site for migrating passerines.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus assimilis breeding  2001  rare  C6  Not Recognised 
Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii breeding  2000  118-177 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii, B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Hydrobates castro resident  2000  common  A4ii, B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii breeding  1993  rare  C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  2002  common  C6  Least Concern 
Plain Swift Apus unicolor resident  2002  abundant  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii resident  2002  abundant  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  2002  abundant  A2, B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ilheu dos Desembarcadouros Strict Nature Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Parque Natural da Madeira Nature Park 0 protected area contains site 340  
Ponta de Sao Lourenco Partial Nature Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -

Protection status National Nature Park of Madeira, Partial Nature Reserve (Ponta de São Lourenço) and Strict Nature Reserve (Ilheu dos Desembarcadouros). International

References Bannerman & Bannerman (1963), Zino & Biscoito (1994), Câmara (1997), Oliveira (1999)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ponta de São Lourenço. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife