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Location Serbia, Voivodina Backa-Srem
Central coordinates 20o 0.00' East  45o 12.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 9,594 ha
Altitude 73 - 81m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description A wetland bordering the River Danube in the vicinity of Novi Sad-Koviljski rit, near the settlements of Kovilj and Gardinovci in Back, and Petrovaradinski rit at the foot of Fruška Gora in Srem. A complex of naturally inundated forest (poplar Populus, willow Salix and ash Fraxinus), stagnant tributaries, canals, marshes, wet meadows, pasture and Populus plantations. Human activities include seasonal pig-grazing.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding and passage waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2004-2008  7-10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  2008  20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla resident  2004-2008  5-6 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  30%
Grassland Humid grasslands  5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  30%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 10%
forestry 70%
hunting 80%
nature conservation and research 80%
tourism/recreation 5%

Protection status National Partial International None4,820 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Koviljsko-Petrovaradinski rit, 4,820 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Koviljski rit. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife