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Location Greece, North Aegean
Central coordinates 26o 13.00' East  39o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Area 11,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A large bay with a shallow brackish zones, small freshwater marshes, saltmarshes, and saltpans. Human activities include agriculture, salt production, stock-raising, fishing, hunting, and recreation.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for migratory and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (maximum 15 wintering individuals), Aythya nyroca (passage), Aquila clanga (wintering), Falco naumanni (breeding), Gallinago media (passage), Larus audouinii.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea breeding  1995  50 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  1997  1,120 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1993  34-39 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  1995  frequent  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  -
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -
Coastline Lagoons; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -

Protection status National Partial International PartialPart of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Prophitis Ilias/Polychnitou, 430 ha). 5,950 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Paraktioi Ygrotopoi Kolpou Kallonis, 6,461 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kallonis gulf. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife