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Location Serbia, Voivodina-Banat
Central coordinates 20o 25.00' East  45o 16.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 11,570 ha
Altitude 75 - 85m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description An inundation area between the Tisa and Begej rivers in the western part of Backa, south-west of the town of Zrenjanin. Habitats include pools, fish-ponds, meadows and willow/poplar Salix/Populus woodland. Includes Carska bara, Tiganjica, Perleska bara and Eèka fish-pond. Human activities include reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).

Key Biodiversity An important site for breeding, wintering and passage waterbirds, regularly holding 20,000 or more individuals during winter and migration periods. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (periodically breeding), Anser erythropus (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (resident), Aquila clanga (wintering), Crex crex (breeding) and Numenius tenuirostris (passage).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2000-2008  min 1,300 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser passage  2000-2008  min 2,200 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  2000-2008  min 85 individuals  A1  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2000-2008  40-70 breeding pairs  A1  Near Threatened 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  2000-2008  45-50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris resident  2000-2008  80-100 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  2000-2008  200-300 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  2000-2008  60-80 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  2007-2008  105-400 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2000-2008  min 20,000 individuals  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Prokop Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 1,676  
Stari Begej - Carska Bara Special Nature Reserve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,767 protected area contained by site 1,676  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  10%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  65%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
fisheries/aquaculture 60%
forestry 10%
hunting 50%
nature conservation and research 30%
tourism/recreation 5%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management -
other -

Protection status National Partial International Partial1,676 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Stari Begej-Carska Bara, 1,676 ha). 1,767 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Stari Begej/Carska Bara Special Nature Reserve, 1,767 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Carska bara. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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