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Location Serbia, Voivodina-Backa
Central coordinates 19o 49.00' East  46o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii, B2, B3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 80 - 110m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)



Site description Situated in the far north-east of Backa, in the vicinity of Subotica. Numerous wetlands are present, with extensive reedbeds and aquatic vegetation: Palièko jezero, Ludjaško jezero, Kapetanjski rit (now a fish-pond) and Velebit reservoir. The sandy ground in Selevenjske pustare and Mali pesak supports a complex of wooded steppe, steppe, and plant communities of sandy ground. Human activities include sport-fishing; recreational tourism has been developed at Palièko jezero and Ludjaško jezero. This site includes former sites YU032 and YU033 from the previous pan-European IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Pochard Aythya ferina resident  1997  100-140 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1997  15-25 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1997  70-100 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1997  35-50 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1997  80-100 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus resident  1997  80-100 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus breeding  1997  20-25 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  1997  60-70 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor breeding  1997  30-40 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Sand Martin Riparia riparia breeding  1997  1,000-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Reed-warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus breeding  1997  1,000-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ludasko jezero Nature Reserve 846 protected area contained by site 387  
Ludasko Lake Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 593 protected area contained by site 593  
Palic Regional Nature Park 712 protected area contained by site 712  
Selevenjske pustare Nature Reserve 677 protected area contained by site 677  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Wooded steppe  5%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  30%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
fisheries/aquaculture 5%
forestry 5%
hunting 80%
nature conservation and research 25%
tourism/recreation 25%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Low International Low387 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Ludaško jezero, 387 ha). 677 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Selevenjske pustare, 677 ha). 712 ha of IBA covered by Regional Nature Park (Paliè, 712 ha). 593 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Ludaško Lake, 593 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Subotica lakes and sandy terrain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife