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Location Serbia, Voivodina-Backa
Central coordinates 19o 49.00' East  46o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 25,923 ha
Altitude 80 - 110m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)



Site description Situated in the far north-east of Backa, in the vicinity of Subotica. Numerous wetlands are present, with extensive reedbeds and aquatic vegetation: Palièko jezero, Ludjaško jezero, Kapetanjski rit (now a fish-pond) and Velebit reservoir. The sandy ground in Selevenjske pustare and Mali pesak supports a complex of wooded steppe, steppe, and plant communities of sandy ground. Human activities include sport-fishing; recreational tourism has been developed at Palièko jezero and Ludjaško jezero. This site includes former sites YU032 and YU033 from the previous pan-European IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989).

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding and passage waterbirds, and breeding species of open grassland/shrub habitats. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Oxyura leucocephala (last bred 1947; 1-2 on passage and in winter).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2004-2008  25-35 breeding pairs  A1  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris resident  2004-2008  25-30 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  2004-2008  250-300 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  2004-2008  65-80 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  2004-2008  35-50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  2004-2008  1-2 breeding pairs  A1  Endangered 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus breeding  2004-2008  25-35 breeding pairs  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa breeding  2004-2008  13-17 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  2006-2008  100-150 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2004-2008  35-50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus passage  2000-2008  min 55 individuals  A1  Near Threatened 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2004-2008  18-29 breeding pairs  A1  Near Threatened 
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor breeding  2004-2008  70-90 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ludasko jezero Nature Reserve 846 protected area contained by site 846  
Ludasko Lake Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 593 protected area contained by site 387  
Palic Regional Nature Park 712 protected area contained by site 712  
Selevenjske pustare Nature Reserve 677 protected area contained by site 677  
Suboticka pescara Landscape of Outstanding Qualities 5,370 protected area contained by site 5,370  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Wooded steppe  5%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  30%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
fisheries/aquaculture 5%
forestry 5%
hunting 80%
nature conservation and research 25%
tourism/recreation 25%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Low International Low387 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Ludaško jezero, 387 ha). 677 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Selevenjske pustare, 677 ha). 712 ha of IBA covered by Regional Nature Park (Paliè, 712 ha). 593 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Ludaško Lake, 593 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Subotica lakes and sandy terrain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

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