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Location Greece, Western Greece
Central coordinates 21o 18.00' East  38o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Area 2,700 ha
Altitude 0 - 2m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A small brackish lagoon separated from the sea by dunes and surrounded by patches of saltmarsh and agricultural land. Human activities include aquaculture, agriculture, and tourism.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Pelecanus crispus (5-11 non-breeding individuals), Aythya nyroca (passage).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  200-500 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1996  40-120 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta passage  500-1,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  6-10 breeding pairs  A1, C1  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kotychi lagoons Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 6,302 protected area overlaps with site 1,716  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  21%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  20%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  14%
Coastline Lagoons; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 40%
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
tourism/recreation 15%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 20%

Protection status National None International PartialPart of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Kotychi Lagoon, 3,700 ha). 1,647 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Limnothalassa Kotychi, 1,647 ha)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kotychi lagoon. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife