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Location Greece, Sterea Ellada
Central coordinates 24o 8.00' East  38o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, C2, C6
Area 2,600 ha
Altitude 16 - 590m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description An eutrophic freshwater lake largely covered by reed Phragmites. In recent years the lake has been almost completely drained.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding herons. Breeding birds include nine of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  1986  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1988  10 breeding pairs  C6  Near Threatened 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1991  20-100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli breeding  1986  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1984  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1984  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1991  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1991  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  1991  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  1991  common  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Argriro-Pr. Hlias--Panagia/Aliveriou--Argirou--Pra Game Refuge 5,440 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  60%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
water management 20%

Protection status National Partial International NonePart of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Argriro-Pr. Hlias-Panagia/Aliveriou-Argirou-Pras, 5,440 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Distos. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife