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Location Greece, Sterea Ellada
Central coordinates 22o 35.00' East  38o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3, C6
Area 19,400 ha
Altitude 200 - 2,457m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A rugged area of tall cliffs, grassland and Abies and Pinus forests. The main human activities are tourism and livestock-farming.

Key Biodiversity An important area for raptors and alpine species. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  1990  common  B2  Near Threatened 
Falco peregrinus resident  1986  common  C6  Not Recognised 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1997  1 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1990  common  C6  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1993  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli breeding  1988  common  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1993  abundant  B3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  1986  common  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius resident  1988  common  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  1985  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1993  common  A3  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  1985  frequent  B3, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Asprochoma--Psilo--Prontoli--Kelari/ Arachovas Game Refuge 2,650 protected area contained by site 2,650  
Parnassos Core Zone in National (Woodland) Park 3,706 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  25%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  20%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands  40%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation 20%
agriculture 50%
not utilised -

Protection status National Partial International LowPart of IBA covered by National Park (Parnassos, 3,513 ha). 2,650 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Asprochoma-Psilo-Prontoli-Kelari/Arachovas, 2,650 ha). 625 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ethnikos Drymos Parnassou, 3,695 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife