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Location Greece, Sterea Ellada
Central coordinates 22o 16.00' East  38o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3, C6
Area 25,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 2,510m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A mountain with extensive rocky areas and alpine grasslands. Human activities include livestock-farming, hunting, mining and recreation. The Reka ravine is used for the water-supply to the town of Amfissa.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for raptors and alpine species. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1995  1-2 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  10-50 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1996  200-600 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris resident  1996  common  B3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1996  abundant  B3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  1987  common  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius resident  1993  common  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  1987  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1996  50-200 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Leukaditiou/Sykeas Game Refuge 2,894 protected area overlaps with site 2,894  
Orini Parnassidas Controlled Hunting Area 24,034 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Rekas/ Prosiliou Game Refuge 3,300 protected area overlaps with site 3,300  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  40%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  5%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands  43%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 90%
forestry 30%
hunting -

Protection status National Partial International None2,894 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Leukaditiou/Sykeas, 2,894 ha). 3,300 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Rekas/Prosiliou, 3,300 ha). Part of IBA covered by Controlled Hunting Area (Orini Parnassidas, 24,034 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife