Site description The northern section of the site is formed by the deltas of the Louros and Arachtos rivers. It consists of brackish lagoons, a sandy coastal strip, saltmarsh, reedbeds (Phragmites), wet meadows, mudflats and remnant patches of alluvial forest. The lagoons are all used as fisheries.
Key Biodiversity This is an important site for wintering ducks and geese, breeding, passage and wintering raptors and migratory waders. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (non-breeding), Falco naumanni (passage), Gallinago media (passage).
Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation
Sea inlets and coastal features
Artificial - terrestrial
Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves
Lagoons; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
Protection statusNational Partial International Partial10,500 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Limnothalassa Tsoukalio kai Valtos Rodias, 10,500 ha). 23,649 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Amvrakikos Gulf, 23,649 ha). 20,900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Amvrakikos Kolpos, 21,239 ha).
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BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Amvrakikos gulf. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife