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Location Greece, Ipiros
Central coordinates 20o 50.00' East  40o 2.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, C6
Area 55,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,637m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A remote mountain range crossed by the Rivers Aoos and Voidomatis. The site is dominated by broadleaved, conifer and mixed forests and extensive subalpine grasslands at higher altitudes. Human activities include forestry, stock-raising, hunting and recreation.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors, alpine and forest species. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  1996  frequent  B2  Near Threatened 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1997  5 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Endangered 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2-3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  4-10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1997  uncommon  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1997  700 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1997  frequent  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Charadras Aoou/Konitsas--Eleftherou-Papigou Game Refuge 3,600 protected area contained by site 3,600  
Kedros-Papigou Game Refuge 1,017 protected area overlaps with site 1,017  
Padon Game Refuge 2,080 protected area contained by site 2,080  
Parletzi--Avalos/Vrisochoriou--Hliochoriou Game Refuge 3,900 protected area contained by site 3,900  
Vikos-Aoos Core Zone in National (Woodland) Park 3,238 protected area contained by site 12,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  60%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands  25%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 40%
tourism/recreation 20%
water management 5%
agriculture 80%

Protection status National Partial International Partial12,600 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Vikos-Aoos, 12,600 ha). 2,080 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Padon, 2,080 ha). 1,017 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Kedras-Papigou, 1,017 ha). 3,900 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Parletzi-Avalos/Vrisochoriou-Hliochoriou, 3,900 ha). 3,600 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Charadras Aoou/Konitsas-Eleftherou-Papigou, 3,600 ha). 12,793 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ethnikos Drymos Vikou-Aoou, 12,793 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife