email a friend
printable version
Location Greece, Central Macedonia,Thessalia
Central coordinates 22o 25.00' East  40o 8.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3, C6
Area 42,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 2,917m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description The highest mountain in Greece with extensive subalpine meadows, cliffs and Pinus woodland. At lower altitudes there are areas of broadleaved evergreen woodland.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for resident raptors, forest species and species associated with open alpine areas. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  1996  present  B2  Near Threatened 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1995  2 breeding pairs  C6  Near Threatened 
Strix aluco resident  1996  present  B3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria breeding  1988  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1996  present  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis breeding  1988  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ag. Ioannis--Trohalo/Litohoriou Game Refuge 1,226 protected area overlaps with site 1,226  
Karias Game Refuge 4,000 protected area overlaps with site 4,000  
Magouta-Alonaki-Karamana/Elassonas Game Refuge 1,525 protected area overlaps with site 1,525  
Mount Olympos National Park 3,998 protected area contained by site 3,998  
Mount Olympus National Park UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 4,000 protected area contained by site 4,000  
Olympos Biogenetic Reserves 4,000 protected area contained by site 4,000  
Siopoto-Paliabela/Kokkinoplou Game Refuge 6,000 protected area overlaps with site 6,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -

Protection status National Partial International Partial6,000 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Siopoto-Paliabela/Kokkinoplou, 6,000 ha). 1,525 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Magouta-Alonaki-Karamana/Elassonas, 1,525 ha). 4,000 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Karias, 4,000 ha). 3,998 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Mount Olympos, 3,998 ha). 1,226 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Ag. Ioanni-Trohalo/Litohoriou, 1,226 ha). 4,000 ha of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve (Council of Europe) (Etnikos Drymos Olympou (Core area), 4,000 ha). 4,000 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Mount Olympus National Park, 4,000 ha). 4,595 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ethnikos Drymos Olympou, 4,595 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Olympos. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife