email a friend
printable version
Location Greece, Ipiros,Western Macedonia
Central coordinates 20o 50.00' East  40o 20.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 45,000 ha
Altitude 800 - 2,520m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A mountain range on the Albanian border, with extensive pasture land, forests and cliffs. Human activities include forestry, livestock-farming, and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for resident raptors and species associated with alpine habitats.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1997  3-5 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1997  frequent  B2  Least Concern 
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris breeding  1996  frequent  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arrenon Gramou/gramou Game Refuge 3,200 protected area overlaps with site 3,200  
Grammos (mixed forest) Biogenetic Reserves 130 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Grammos Forest Natural Monument 130 protected area contained by site 130  
Katafiki/Gramou Game Refuge 1,100 protected area overlaps with site 1,100  
Patoma, Mavri Petra, Limes, Arena, Lioukou, Stavro Game Refuge 2,769 protected area overlaps with site 2,769  
Psoriarika-Tsarno Game Refuge 4,100 protected area overlaps with site 4,100  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -

Protection status National Partial International Partial2,769 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Patoma, Mavri Petra, Limes, Arena, Lioukou, Stavro, 2,769 ha). 1,100 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Katafiki/Gramou, 1,100 ha). 3,200 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Arrenon Gramou/Gramou, 3,200 ha). 4,100 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Psoriarika-Tsarno, 4,100 ha). 130 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Grammos Forest, 130 ha). Part of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Gramos. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife