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Location Greece, Central Macedonia
Central coordinates 22o 54.00' East  40o 23.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, C2, C3
Area 450 ha
Altitude 0 - 2m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description An almost flat peninsula of low sand-dunes with a lagoon, saltmarsh and Tamarix scrub.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for wintering ducks and breeding, passage and wintering waders. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Branta ruficollis (up to five wintering individuals), Aythya nyroca (passage).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2,350 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  10-45 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B2, C2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tsairi/Epanomis Game Refuge 500 protected area contains site 450  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  20%
Coastline Lagoons; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National High International None450 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Tsairi/Epanomis, 500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Epanomi lagoon. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife