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Albertine Rift mountains
Country/Territory Burundi,Congo, The Democratic Republic of the,Rwanda,Tanzania,Uganda
Area 56,000 
Altitude 1,000 - 4,300m  
Priority critical 
Habitat loss moderate 
Knowledge incomplete 

General characteristics 

This EBA includes the mountains which flank the Albertine Rift Valley in the Haut-Za

Restricted-range species 

The restricted-range species of this EBA include the monotypic endemic genera Pseudocalyptomena, Graueria and Hemitesia. They occur in a variety of Afromontane vegetation types, principally forest, although Bradypterus graueri is confined to highland swamps. Most of them occur in montane forest and range upwards into the bamboo zone, and a few also occur in Afroalpine moorland; Nectarinia stuhlmanni is mainly confined to the bamboo and moorland zones. Six species appear to have been recorded only in transitional forest, which is mainly confined to the western part of the EBA in Za

Species IUCN Category
Handsome Francolin (Pternistis nobilis)  LC 
Ruwenzori Turaco (Gallirex johnstoni)  LC 
Congo Bay-owl (Phodilus prigoginei)  EN 
Albertine Owlet (Glaucidium albertinum)  VU 
 (Caprimulgus ruwenzorii)  NR 
Prigogine's Nightjar (Caprimulgus prigoginei)  EN 
Dwarf Honeyguide (Indicator pumilio)  NT 
African Green Broadbill (Pseudocalyptomena graueri)  VU 
Ruwenzori Batis (Batis diops)  LC 
Yellow-crested Helmet-shrike (Prionops alberti)  VU 
Grauer's Cuckooshrike (Coracina graueri)  NT 
Stripe-breasted Tit (Parus fasciiventer)  LC 
Collared Apalis (Oreolais ruwenzorii)  LC 
Black-faced Apalis (Apalis personata)  LC 
 (Apalis argentea)  NR 
 (Apalis kaboboensis)  NR 
Prigogine's Greenbul (Chlorocichla prigoginei)  EN 
Neumann's Warbler (Hemitesia neumanni)  LC 
Grauer's Swamp-warbler (Bradypterus graueri)  EN 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler (Phylloscopus laetus)  LC 
Grauer's Warbler (Graueria vittata)  LC 
 (Sylvietta chapini)  NR 
Chapin's Mountain-babbler (Kupeornis chapini)  NT 
Red-collared Mountain-babbler (Kupeornis rufocinctus)  NT 
 (Zoothera tanganjicae)  NR 
Red-throated Alethe (Alethe poliophrys)  LC 
Archer's Robin-chat (Cossypha archeri)  LC 
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher (Melaenornis ardesiacus)  LC 
Chapin's Flycatcher (Muscicapa lendu)  VU 
Blue-headed Sunbird (Nectarinia alinae)  LC 
 (Nectarinia stuhlmanni)  NR 
Regal Sunbird (Nectarinia regia)  LC 
Rockefeller's Sunbird (Nectarinia rockefelleri)  VU 
Purple-breasted Sunbird (Nectarinia purpureiventris)  LC 
Strange Weaver (Ploceus alienus)  LC 
Dusky Crimson-wing (Cryptospiza jacksoni)  LC 
Shelley's Crimson-wing (Cryptospiza shelleyi)  VU 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
BI002  Kibira National Park  Burundi 
BI005  Bururi Forest Nature Reserve  Burundi 
CD007  Lendu Plateau  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD010  Virunga National Park  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD012  Forests west of Lake Edward  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD013  Kahuzi-Biega National Park  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD014  Itombwe Mountains  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD015  LaLuama - Katanga - Mount Kabobo  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD016  Marungu highlands  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
RW001  Rugezi Marsh  Rwanda 
RW002  Volcans National Park  Rwanda 
RW006  Cyamudongo forest  Rwanda 
RW007  Nyungwe National Park  Rwanda 
TZ005  Mahali Mountain National Park  Tanzania 
UG001  Mgahinga Gorilla National Park  Uganda 
UG002  Echuya Forest Reserve  Uganda 
UG004  Bwindi Impenetrable National Park  Uganda 
UG005  Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park  Uganda 
UG006  Kibale National Park  Uganda 
UG032  Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve  Uganda 

Threats and conservation 

The main threat to this EBA is deforestation, mainly as a result of encroachment for agriculture and unregulated timber felling (Howard 1991) which has recently been exacerbated by the effects of warfare (Kanyamibwa 1995), and there is some localized forest loss in Itombwe due to gold-mining (R. Beyers in litt. 1993). Rwanda and Burundi are small, very densely populated countries, and have already lost most of their forest (Dowsett 1985), as has south-west Uganda. Eastern Za

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Albertine Rift mountains. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife