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Eastern Zaïre lowlands
Country/Territory Congo, The Democratic Republic of the,Uganda
Area 75,000 
Altitude 700 - 1,800m  
Priority high 
Habitat loss moderate 
Knowledge poor 

General characteristics 

The Lower Guinea forest is one of the world's great lowland rain forests, and together with the Upper Guinea forest (EBA 084) constitutes the Guineo-Congolian Region of White (1983). The Eastern Za

Restricted-range species 

The distributions of the restricted-range species are incompletely known. Most records of these birds come from the Semliki and Ituri forests and the foothills of the Itombwe mountains, but it is likely that most of them also occur in the intervening region. There is also an apparently disjunct record of Phyllastrephus lorenzi from Bambesa, well to the north-west of the rest of the EBA. Ploceus flavipes is only known from the Ituri forest in Za

Species IUCN Category
Schouteden's Swift (Schoutedenapus schoutedeni)  VU 
Bedford's Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone bedfordi)  NT 
 (Phyllastrephus lorenzi)  NR 
Forest Ground-thrush (Zoothera oberlaenderi)  NT 
Yellow-legged Weaver (Ploceus flavipes)  VU 
Golden-naped Weaver (Ploceus aureonucha)  EN 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
CD008  Mount Hoyo Reserve  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD009  Okapi Faunal Reserve  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD012  Forests west of Lake Edward  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD013  Kahuzi-Biega National Park  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
CD014  Itombwe Mountains  Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 
UG004  Bwindi Impenetrable National Park  Uganda 
UG009  Semliki National Park  Uganda 

Threats and conservation 

The main threat to the EBA is deforestation (Hamilton 1984, Sayer et al. 1992), mainly for cultivation, and there is some localized forest loss as a result of gold-mining in Itombwe, around Maiko and possibly in other places (R. Beyers in litt. 1993). It is likely that the rate of deforestation has been increased recently by the effects of warfare (Kanyamibwa 1995). The three restricted-range birds with particularly small ranges are threatened because of their vulnerability to habitat loss. More widespread threatened forest birds which occur in this EBA are Congo Peacock Afropavo congensis and Turner's Eremomela Eremomela turneri (both classified as Vulnerable); Nahan's Francolin Francolinus nahani (Data Deficient) also occurs.

There are several protected areas within this EBA (Howard 1991, IUCN 1992b). Part of the lowland Semliki forest is included in the Virunga National Park, but, although some forest remains, this part of the park has been devastated by human settlement (Stuart 1985), and the illegal growing of cocoa as an understorey species is leading to the replacement of forest by species-poor plantation (Howard 1991). This protected area is contiguous with the large Ituri forest, and could be extended to include its eastern part (Prigogine 1985). Another part of Ituri forest is now included in Okapi Faunal Reserve (Blom 1990). Other existing reserves which are likely to be important for the birds of the EBA are the western section of Kahuzi-Biega National Park, the eastern section of Maiko National Park, the lower forests on the western side of Mount Ruwenzori National Park, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park (I.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Eastern Zaïre lowlands. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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