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Northern Central Andes
Country/Territory Colombia,Ecuador
Area 36,000 
Altitude 1,500 - 3,700m  
Priority critical 
Habitat loss major 
Knowledge incomplete 

General characteristics 

This EBA embraces all the mountains above c.2,500

Restricted-range species 

Most of the restricted-range birds occur at 2,000-3,650

Species IUCN Category
Chestnut Wood-quail (Odontophorus hyperythrus)  NT 
Indigo-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi)  CR 
Rusty-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca amazonina)  VU 
Black-thighed Puffleg (Eriocnemis derbyi)  NT 
Giant Antpitta (Grallaria gigantea)  VU 
Crescent-faced Antpitta (Grallaricula lineifrons)  NT 
Brown-banded Antpitta (Grallaria milleri)  VU 
Bicoloured Antpitta (Grallaria rufocinerea)  VU 
White-rimmed Brush-finch (Atlapetes leucopis)  LC 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
  Bosque Integral Otonga  Ecuador 
  Cerro Mongus  Ecuador 
  Finca El Silencio  Colombia 
  La Cristalina  Colombia 
  Reserva Forestal Protectora CHEC  Colombia 
  Reserva Orquideológica El Pahuma  Ecuador 
  Reserva Sierra Azul  Ecuador 
  Valle de Tandayapa  Ecuador 
CO042  Selva de Florencia  Colombia 
CO045  Reserva Hidrográfica, Forestal y Parque Ecológico de Río Blanco  Colombia 
CO047  Bosques del Oriente de Risaralda  Colombia 
CO052  Reserva Natural Ibanasca  Colombia 
CO053  Alto Quindío  Colombia 
CO055  Cuenca del Río Toche  Colombia 
CO057  Páramos y Bosques Altoandinos de Génova  Colombia 
CO059  Reservas Comunitarias de Roncesvalles  Colombia 
CO063  Puracé (Parque Nacional Natural Puracé IBA)  Colombia 
CO064  Reserva Natural Meremberg  Colombia 
CO068  Reserva Natural Río Ñambí  Colombia 
CO070  Lago Cumbal  Colombia 
CO138  Santuario de Fauna y Flora Galeras  Colombia 
CO141  Serranía de las Minas  Colombia 
EC045  Reserva Ecológica Los Illinizas y alrededores  Ecuador 
EC046  Estación Biológica Guandera-Cerro Mongus  Ecuador 
EC047  La Bonita-Santa Bárbara  Ecuador 
EC049  Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca  Ecuador 
EC051  Cordillera de Huacamayos-San Isidro-Sierra Azul  Ecuador 
EC052  Reserva Ecológica Antisana  Ecuador 
EC056  Parque Nacional Llanganates  Ecuador 
EC109  Manteles - El Triunfo - Sucre  Ecuador 

Threats and conservation 

The upper montane forests in this EBA (especially in the 2,000-3,200 m zone) have been subjected to widespread and severe deforestation during this and previous centuries to the extent that most, if not all, of the forest has been cleared in many areas . The forests continue to be felled as a result of agricultural expansion (including clearance for pasture), and further degradation is projected to continue (Collar et al. 1992, 1994). The poor state of the forest in this EBA is reflected by the fact that all of the restricted-range birds are considered either threatened or Near Threatened. The widespread (though localized) but threatened Yellow-eared Parrot Ognorhynchus icterotis (classified as Critical) and Golden-plumed Parakeet Leptosittaca branickii (Vulnerable) also occur in this EBA.

A number of Key Areas for the threatened birds have been identified in this EBA, including (in Colombia) Los Nevados National Park, Purac

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Northern Central Andes. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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