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Galápagos Islands
Country/Territory Ecuador
Area 8,000 
Altitude 0 - 1,700m  
Priority critical 
Habitat loss moderate 
Knowledge good 

General characteristics 

The Gal

Restricted-range species 

The restricted-range birds of the Gal

Species IUCN Category
 (Butorides sundevalli)  NR 
Galapagos Hawk (Buteo galapagoensis)  VU 
Galapagos Rail (Laterallus spilonota)  VU 
Galapagos Dove (Zenaida galapagoensis)  LC 
Large-billed Flycatcher (Myiarchus magnirostris)  LC 
Floreana Mockingbird (Mimus trifasciatus)  CR 
San Cristobal Mockingbird (Mimus melanotis)  EN 
Galapagos Mockingbird (Mimus parvulus)  LC 
Espanola Mockingbird (Mimus macdonaldi)  VU 
Mangrove Finch (Camarhynchus heliobates)  CR 
Medium Tree-finch (Camarhynchus pauper)  CR 
Large Ground-finch (Geospiza magnirostris)  LC 
Medium Ground-finch (Geospiza fortis)  LC 
Small Ground-finch (Geospiza fuliginosa)  LC 
Sharp-beaked Ground-finch (Geospiza difficilis)  LC 
Common Cactus-finch (Geospiza scandens)  LC 
Large Cactus-finch (Geospiza conirostris)  LC 
Large Tree-finch (Camarhynchus psittacula)  VU 
Small Tree-finch (Camarhynchus parvulus)  LC 
Woodpecker Finch (Camarhynchus pallidus)  VU 
Vegetarian Finch (Platyspiza crassirostris)  LC 
Warbler Finch (Certhidea olivacea)  LC 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
  Islas Galápagos  Ecuador 
EC097  Isla San Cristóbal  Ecuador 
EC098  Isla Española  Ecuador 
EC099  Champion y Gardner de Floreana  Ecuador 
EC100  Isla Floreana  Ecuador 
EC101  Tierras altas de Santa Cruz  Ecuador 
EC102  Puerto Ayora  Ecuador 
EC103  Humedales del Sur de Isabela  Ecuador 
EC104  Tierras altas de Isabela  Ecuador 
EC105  Áreas costeras de Fernandina y del occidente de Isabela  Ecuador 
EC106  Tierras altas de Santiago  Ecuador 

Threats and conservation 

The islands' wildlife is threatened as a result of various human activities: overgrazing by domestic and feral livestock, predation by exotic species, fires started by man, and poaching (Dinerstein et al. 1995).

Three of the endemic landbirds are presently considered threatened, all for slightly different reasons. Buteo galapagoensis occupies c.130 breeding territories (but exhibits cooperative polyandry), and has declined due to human persecution, and partly from a reduction in prey items (caused by introduced predators). Nesomimus trifasciatus now occurs only on Floreana

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Galápagos Islands. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife