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145
Da Lat plateau
Country/Territory Vietnam
Area 6,000 
Altitude 800 - 2,400m  
Priority critical 
Habitat loss moderate 
Knowledge incomplete 


General characteristics 

This EBA includes the southern part of Vietnam's western highlands which lie within the country's Lam Dong province and adjacent parts of Dak Lak and (probably) Ninh Tuan provinces. Several of the mountains in this area rise to over 2,000

Restricted-range species 

Recent surveys by BirdLife International and others have produced much new information on distribution and habitat requirements of restricted-range birds in this EBA (see Eames et al. 1992, Robson et al. 1993a,b, Eames 1995). The restricted-range species are all found in tropical montane broadleaf evergreen forest, except for Carduelis monguilloti which is usually found in pine forest. The other three species which are confined to the EBA all appear to have restricted altitudinal ranges: Garrulax milleti occurs at relatively low altitudes up to 1,650

Species IUCN Category
Crested Argus (Rheinardia ocellata)  NT 
Short-tailed Scimitar-babbler (Jabouilleia danjoui)  NT 
Black-hooded Laughingthrush (Garrulax milleti)  NT 
White-cheeked Laughingthrush (Garrulax vassali)  LC 
Collared Laughingthrush (Garrulax yersini)  EN 
Grey-crowned Crocias (Crocias langbianis)  EN 
Yellow-billed Nuthatch (Sitta solangiae)  NT 
Vietnam Greenfinch (Carduelis monguilloti)  LC 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
  Bi Dup - Nui Ba  Vietnam 
KH027  Snoul / Keo Sema / O Reang  Cambodia 
VN030  Chu Yang Sin  Vietnam 
VN036  Bi Dup  Vietnam 
VN037  Lang Bian  Vietnam 
VN038  Phuoc Binh  Vietnam 
VN048  Tuyen Lam  Vietnam 
VN056  Cong Troi  Vietnam 

Threats and conservation 

Shifting cultivation has greatly modified the extent, composition and quality of evergreen forest in the EBA and is resulting in increasing habitat fragmentation. The frequent use of fire by shifting cultivators prevents the regeneration of evergreen forest and has promoted the growth of a fire-climax dominated by Pinus kesiya. Logging continues to be a major activity in the EBA, and much of the pine forest is allocated to production forest where logging is permitted. A government-planned resettlement programme has led to thousands of people emigrating annually into the region, causing the degradation of evergreen forests in some areas through increased fuelwood collection and charcoal production, particularly in Dak Lak province. This has also significantly reduced the biological importance of Nui Ba near Da Lat city (Eames 1995).

Six of the restricted-range birds are threatened, principally because of habitat loss and degradation, including three of the four species which are confined to this EBA. Although endemic to the EBA, Carduelis monguilloti is not considered to be globally threatened, because it may actually have benefited from the increase in the area of pine forest (Eames et al. 1992). A more widespread threatened forest bird which has been recorded in this EBA is Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea (classified as Vulnerable).

There are three gazetted protected areas within the EBA (IUCN 1992c). The most important are Chu Yang Sin and Thuong Da Nhim Nature Reserves, which support populations of all the restricted-range species and include over 10% of the EBA's total area-and most of its best remaining areas of evergreen forest. The forests on Chu Yang Sin extend in altitude from 500 m up to its peak at 2,442

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Da Lat plateau. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014

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