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West Sichuan mountains
Country/Territory China (mainland)
Area 180,000 
Altitude 2,700 - 4,900m  
Priority high 
Habitat loss major 
Knowledge incomplete 

General characteristics 

This Chinese EBA is in the eastern part of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau and falls within central and western Sichuan, south-east Qinghai and southern Gansu provinces and extreme eastern Tibet autonomous region; it includes the Qionglai Shan, Min Shan, Daxue Shan and Shaluli Shan ranges. The restricted-range birds occur in the subalpine and upper temperate zones of these mountains, between about 2,700 and 4,900

Restricted-range species 

Of the three species present, Perisoreus internigrans and Strix davidi are found in subalpine coniferous forest, and Lophophorus lhuysii in rhododendron scrub and open areas above the treeline. The first two appear to be associated with relatively dry coniferous forest having a poorly developed understorey, in contrast to the restricted-range birds of the Central Sichuan mountains which occur in wetter forests with a dense understorey, typically of bamboo. All three species are known from the Qionglai Shan and Min Shan ranges (although P. internigrans only appears to be present in the north of the Qionglai Shan), but their ranges are incompletely documented in the western part of the EBA, where they are all known by no more than a few widely scattered records.

Species IUCN Category
Chinese Monal (Lophophorus lhuysii)  VU 
 (Strix davidi)  NR 
Sichuan Jay (Perisoreus internigrans)  VU 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
CN151  Gonjo  China (mainland) 
CN152  Markam  China (mainland) 
CN160  Baima  China (mainland) 
CN165  Ganligahai-Zecha Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN167  Jonê  China (mainland) 
CN168  Min Shan mountains  China (mainland) 
CN169  Baishui Jiang Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN179  Kasha Hu Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN181  Têwo Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN182  Zoigê (Ruo'ergai) Marshes  China (mainland) 
CN183  Babso Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN184  Baihe Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN185  Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN186  Wanglang Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN187  Huanglongsi Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN188  Xiaohegou Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN189  Tangjiahe Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN191  Xuebaoding Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN192  Baiyang Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN193  Piankou Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN194  Xiaozhaizigou Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN195  Mengbi Shan  China (mainland) 
CN196  Mengtun  China (mainland) 
CN197  Jiuding Shan Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN198  Qianfoshan Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN199  Baishuihe Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN200  Longxi–Hongkou Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN201  Wolong Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN202  Anzihe Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN203  Heishuihe Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN204  Fengtongzhai Qiaoqi  China (mainland) 
CN205  Labahe Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN207  Wawu Shan Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN214  Dazhubao and Dafengding  China (mainland) 
CN218  Wahuishan Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN219  Gongga Shan Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN220  Yele Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
CN221  Liziping Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 

Threats and conservation 

The forests in the Daxue Shan and Shaluli Shan are part of the second most important timber-producing region in China, and are being rapidly exploited. Forest cover in Sichuan province is estimated to have been reduced from 19% to 12.6% between the early 1950s and 1988, with mature natural forest being particularly affected (Smil 1984, 1993). All three of the restricted-range species are classified as threatened: the two forest species because of this rapid rate of habitat loss, and Lophophorus lhuysii because of hunting and habitat degradation caused by overgrazing (McGowan and Garson 1995). A more widespread threatened species which occurs in the EBA is White Eared-pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon (classified as Vulnerable).

The restricted-range birds of this EBA occur in several of the reserves established for the conservation of giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca in the Qionglai Shan and Min Shan ranges (see IUCN 1992d, 1993), although Perisoreus internigrans appears to have been recorded in only two of these reserves in the Min Shan. There are no protected areas in the western part of the EBA.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: West Sichuan mountains. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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