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Southern Tibet
Country/Territory China (mainland),India
Area 63,000 
Altitude 2,700 - 5,000m  
Priority high 
Habitat loss unquantified 
Knowledge incomplete 

General characteristics 

The area covered by this EBA lies at the southern edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, immediately to the north of the Himalayas. It includes the valleys of the Tsangpo (or Yarlung Zangbo) river and its tributaries, and several smaller, neighbouring valleys in southern Tibet autonomous region of China, and north-east Sikkim and possibly northern Arunachal Pradesh in India.

The boundary for the EBA has been drawn based on the documented records and altitudinal limits of the restricted-range bird species present. There are, however, some large gaps in their known distributions in the remoter parts of this ornithologically poorly known region (see Vaurie 1972), so a tentative definition of the area is the best that can be attempted thus far. There is minor geographical overlap between this EBA and the Eastern Himalayas (EBA 130).

Restricted-range species 

The two species endemic to Southern Tibet are found in the subalpine zone, on the edge of coniferous and mixed broadleaf-coniferous forest and in adjacent rhododendron and juniper scrub and open habitats. They are both locally common (Ali and Ripley 1987, P. Alstr

Species IUCN Category
Tibetan Eared-pheasant (Crossoptilon harmani)  NT 
Giant Babax (Babax waddelli)  NT 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
CN141  Razhêng Temple  China (mainland) 
CN143  Shongsep Temple  China (mainland) 
CN144  Serkhyim La Mountain  China (mainland) 
CN145  Lunang  China (mainland) 
CN149  Gongbo Nature Reserve  China (mainland) 
IN332  Lhonak Valley  India 
IN335  Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary - Zuluk - Bedang Tso - Natula Complex  India 
IN336  Tso Lhamo Plateau - Lashar - Sebu La - Yumesamdong Complex  India 

Threats and conservation 

Crossoptilon harmani is considered threatened because deforestation and hunting may be having a significant impact on it (McGowan and Garson 1995), although the tameness of the flocks observed near Samye monastery suggests that hunting does not occur there (P. Alstr

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Southern Tibet. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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