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Jubba and Shabeelle valleys
Country/Territory Ethiopia,Kenya,Somalia
Area 35,000 
Altitude 0 - 800m  
Priority urgent 
Habitat loss unquantified 
Knowledge poor 

General characteristics 

The middle reaches of the Shabeelle (or Shebele) river, the entire length of the Jubba and its tributaries and the area around lakes Chamo and Abaya in southern Somalia, south-east Ethiopia and extreme north-east Kenya constitute an EBA. The restricted-range birds are found in a variety of lowland habitats, mainly riverine. There is some geographical overlap between this EBA and the Kenyan and Tanzanian coastal forests (EBA 111) in the lower Jubba valley, but the birds of that EBA occur mainly in forest. There is also some geographical overlap between this EBA and the South Ethiopian highlands (EBA 114), but the birds of the latter occur at relatively high altitudes and are not riverine in distribution.

Restricted-range species 

Two of the restricted-range species are widespread within the EBA: Streptopelia reichenowi is usually found in riparian woodland dominated by doum palms Hyphaene thebaica and fan palms on the banks and floodplains of large rivers, tending to avoid the adjacent dry Acacia woodland, but in Ethiopia it also ranges into drier vegetation a few kilometres from rivers (Urban et al. 1986, P.

Species IUCN Category
White-winged Collared-dove (Streptopelia reichenowi)  NT 
 (Laniarius liberatus)  NR 
 (Mirafra degodiensis)  NR 
Salvadori's Weaver (Ploceus dichrocephalus)  LC 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
ET057  Genale river  Ethiopia 
ET060  Lower Wabi Shebelle river and Warder  Ethiopia 
ET066  Dawa - Wachile  Ethiopia 
ET068  Bogol Manyo - Dolo  Ethiopia 
SO012  Buulobarde  Somalia 
SO014  Xawaadley reservoir  Somalia 
SO015  Jowhar - Warshiikh  Somalia 
SO016  Balcad Nature Reserve  Somalia 
SO021  Aangole - Farbiito  Somalia 
SO023  Far Waamo  Somalia 

Threats and conservation 

Mirafra degodiensis and Laniarius liberatus are threatened because of their highly restricted distributions. Increased grazing pressure is a possible future threat to the habitat of M. degodiensis (Ash and Gullick 1990), and the vegetation in the area where L.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Jubba and Shabeelle valleys. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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