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East African coastal forests
Country/Territory Kenya,Somalia,Tanzania
Area 25,000 
Altitude 0 - 500m  
Priority high 
Habitat loss major 
Knowledge incomplete 

General characteristics 

This EBA includes the coastal and riverine lowlands of southern Somalia, Kenya and central Tanzania and the island of Zanzibar, and corresponds to the northern part of the Zanzibar

Restricted-range species 

Most of the restricted-range species are found in coastal forest and woodland, but their distributions are incompletely known because many forests are difficult of access and have not been ornithologically surveyed (Waiyaki and Bennun 1996, S.

Species IUCN Category
Fischer's Turaco (Tauraco fischeri)  NT 
Sokoke Scops-owl (Otus ireneae)  EN 
Tana River Cisticola (Cisticola restrictus)  DD 
White-winged Apalis (Apalis chariessa)  VU 
Amani Sunbird (Anthreptes pallidigaster)  EN 
Clarke's Weaver (Ploceus golandi)  EN 
Sokoke Pipit (Anthus sokokensis)  EN 

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)

IBA Code Site Name Country
KE007  Arabuko-Sokoke Forest  Kenya 
KE008  Dakatcha Woodland  Kenya 
KE010  Dzombo Hill Forest  Kenya 
KE012  Kaya Gandini  Kenya 
KE017  Marenji Forest  Kenya 
KE020  Shimba Hills  Kenya 
KE023  Lower Tana River Forests  Kenya 
SO021  Aangole - Farbiito  Somalia 
SO023  Far Waamo  Somalia 
TZ046  Bagamoyo District Coastal Forests  Tanzania 
TZ047  Kisarawe District Coastal Forests  Tanzania 
TZ049  Pande Game Reserve and Dondwe Coastal Forests  Tanzania 
TZ054  Handeni District Coastal Forests  Tanzania 
TZ055  Muheza District Coastal Forests  Tanzania 
TZ056  Pangani District Coastal Forests  Tanzania 
TZ057  Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park  Tanzania 
TZ070  East Usambara Mountains  Tanzania 
TZ071  West Usambara Mountains  Tanzania 

Threats and conservation 

The main threat to the EBA is forest loss and degradation. The coastal forests were probably naturally patchily distributed in places with suitable soils and climatic conditions, but exploitation has reduced them to scattered remnants. Many of these are under pressure from agricultural encroachment by an increasing human population, and the extraction of firewood and house-building materials. The expanding tourist industry is taking land for hotel and recreational development, and provides a lucrative market for wood for construction, furniture and carvings (which are exported in bulk); timber is harvested both legally and illegally from protected and unprotected forests (Douthwaite 1987, Varty and Hill 1988, Burgess et al. 1992, Sheil 1992, Waiyaki and Bennun 1996, S.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Endemic Bird Area factsheet: East African coastal forests. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife