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Party to the following agreements and conventions

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Regional 63
Agreement on the Convention of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP) Global 13
Barcelona Convention Regional 20
Bonn Agreement (environment) Regional 9
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Nairobi, 1992 Global 191
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas Global 38
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), Canberra, 1980 Global 33
Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats Regional 48
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, (CMS), Bonn, 1979 Global 115
Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, (CITES), Washington DC, 1973 Global 175
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), New York, 1992 Global 193
Kyoto Protocol - greenhouse gas emission reductions Global 190
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, Ramsar, 1971 Global 159
UNESCO World Heritage Convention Global 193
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Global 191
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia Regional 34

Convention on Biological Diversity
BirdLife is the International Thematic Focal Point for birds to the CBD Clearing-House Mechanism which aims to share knowledge and exchange information. For more information click here.

Many Important Bird Areas (IBAs) are designated, or potentially qualify for designation, as Ramsar sites (wetlands of international importance) on the basis of their waterbird populations. This section presents data on those IBAs so far identified as potential Ramsar sites.


Recommended Citation:
BirdLife International (2016) Country profile: Canada. Available from: Checked: 2016-10-26

Canada at a glance





BirdLife Partner

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada


Total number of birds 516
Globally threatened birds 15
Country endemics 1

Important Bird Areas

Number of IBAs 325
Total IBA area 30,090,079 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 0