Harapan Rainforest: The Species
The Harapan Rainforest supports a wide variety of wildlife. Preliminary surveys have already revealed the following of particular significance:
- 37 mammal species including a remarkable seven cat species and five primates.
- Up to 20 Endangered Sumatran Tigers, of which only 100-300 remain in the wild and their numbers are dwindling.
- Additional threatened mammals ocuring include Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, classified as Endangered by the World Conservation Union, IUCN; Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa (recently recognised as a separate species from mainland Asia), Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina, Malayan Porcupine Hystrix brachyura, Sumatran Otter Lutra sumatrana and Malayan Tapir Tapirus indicus, classified as Vulnerable; and Oriental Small-clawed Otter Aonyx cinerea, Near-Threatened.
- A population of Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus, a threatened species about which we have little data.
- In addition, the forest is home to Long-tailed Macaque M. fascicularis, Silvered Leaf Monkey Trachypithecus cristatus, Banded (=Mitered) Langur Presbytis melalophos, Agile Gibbon Hylobates agilis and Pangolin Manis javanica.
- Of the 235 bird species confirmed to date in the forest, there is one Endangered species (as classified by IUCN), Stormís Stork Ciconia stormi, and five Vulnerable species: Short-toed Coucal Centropus bengalensis, Large-billed Blue Flycatcher Cyornis caerulatus, Crestless Fireback Lophura erythrophthalma, Wallaceís Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nanus and Large Green Pigeon Treron capelli). There are 62 Near-Threatened species.
- 33 amphibian and reptile species, including one that is Endangered (Spiny Turtle Heosemys spinosa) and one that is Vulnerable (Asiatic Softshell Turtle Amyda cartilaginea)
- Preliminary studies have revealed a very high density of plants and tree species, including one that is Vulnerable (Bulian Eusideroxylon zwageri) and five that are not globally threatened but are protected under Indonesian law (Balam Palaquim rostratum, Jelutung Dyera costulata, Tembesu Fragrarea fragrans, Surian Toona sinensis and Aren Arenga pinnata).
The surveys carried out to date have not been exhaustive, and BirdLife is confident that it will identify many more species in the area. In an area roughly two-thirds the size of Greater London, there are as many bird species as breed in the whole of the UK.
Below are some pictures from camera traps set in The Harapan Rainforest.
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